This page describes the networking stack used on drones.

Basic Premises

The timeframe is 2017+. Robots are using commodity off-the-shelf networking: WiFi and a TCP/IP stack, largely still IPv4 but with increasing support for IPv6 and IPsec.


  • In a swarm, any node must be reachable in no more than log(N) hops.

  • Every (most?) node in a swarm must be capable of forwarding traffic to other nodes, i.e. a router.

  • Inter-node and ground station-to-node communication should take advantage of IP multicasting.

Mesh Networking

Routing Protocols